Each generation is represented by a row. Horizontal lines join individuals who have had children together; vertical lines connect their children to them. A proband is identified by an arrow pointing towards the symbol for that individual.
What does a row in a pedigree represent?
A male is represented by a square or the symbol ♂, a female by a circle or the symbol ♀. Mating is shown by a horizontal line (marriage line) connecting a male symbol and a female symbol; offspring symbols are connected in a row (sibship line) beneath the mated pair.
How are affected individuals represented in a pedigree?
A pedigree chart displays a family tree, and shows the members of the family who are affected by a genetic trait. This chart shows four generations of a family with four individuals who are affected by a form of colorblindness. Circles represent females and squares represent males.
What is the purpose of a pedigree chart?
A pedigree is a genetic representation of a family tree that diagrams the inheritance of a trait or disease though several generations. The pedigree shows the relationships between family members and indicates which individuals express or silently carry the trait in question.
What is the primary purpose of a pedigree?
5.2: Pedigree Analysis. Pedigree charts are diagrams that show the phenotypes and/or genotypes for a particular organism and its ancestors. While commonly used in human families to track genetic diseases, they can be used for any species and any inherited trait.
What does a triangle mean in terms of a pedigree?
A triangle is used for any pregnancy not carried to term. … Pregnancy (P), Stillbirth (SB), Spontaneous abortion (SAB), Termination of pregnancy (TOP), Ectopic pregnancy (ECT).