How do genetics and family history affect the risk of heart disease? When members of a family pass traits from one generation to another through genes, that process is called heredity. Genetic factors likely play some role in high blood pressure, heart disease, and other related conditions.
Why does family history affect heart disease?
Genes affect how we look and how our bodies work, and we inherit them from our parents. Genes can pass on high risk conditions such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels. These conditions can increase your risk of developing heart or circulatory diseases.
Why is family history a risk factor?
Family history is considered one of the most important risk factors for health problems such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer and certain psychiatric disorders. Family members share more than genetic characteristics. They also share environments, lifestyles and personal habits. All can be factors for disease.
Is family history a risk factor?
Family health history is an important risk factor that reflects inherited genetic susceptibility, shared environment, and common behaviors.
Should I see a cardiologist if I have a family history of heart disease?
“You are at increased risk if you have a parent or sibling with a history of heart disease before age 55 for males or 65 for females,” Dr. Jellis says. If that describes you, she recommends seeing a cardiologist sooner than later.
What are the high risk factors in your family history?
The key features of a family history that may increase risk are: Diseases that occur at an earlier age than expected (10 to 20 years before most people get the disease) Disease in more than one close relative. Disease that does not usually affect a certain gender (for example, breast cancer in a male)
How important is it to know your family history?
A family health history can identify people with a higher-than-usual chance of having common disorders, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, certain cancers, and type 2 diabetes. These complex disorders are influenced by a combination of genetic factors, environmental conditions, and lifestyle choices.
What are the different types of risk factors?
The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:
- Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. …
- Male gender. …
- Heredity (including race) …
- Tobacco smoke. …
- High blood cholesterol. …
- High blood pressure. …
- Physical inactivity. …
- Obesity and being overweight.
What two factors contribute to a person’s risk?
An individual’s environment, personal choices and genetic make-up all contribute to their risk of developing a chronic disease.
Can you control heredity yes or no?
Most treatment strategies for genetic disorders do not alter the underlying genetic mutation; however, a few disorders have been treated with gene therapy. This experimental technique involves changing a person’s genes to prevent or treat a disease.